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Supreme Court: Inconsistencies in the averments of the plaint are not a sufficient reason to reject the plaint – Order VII Rule 11 CPC 

Last Updated on April 20, 2023 by Administrator

Issue

The Supreme Court stated that a complaint can not be dismissed under Order VII Rule 11 CPC solely because it contains some contradictory averments. Only the claims presented in the plaint and the supporting documents must be reviewed in order to process an application under Rule 11 of Order VII of the CPC.

Facts of the case

In this instance, the plaintiffs brought a lawsuit in the City Civil Court of Bangalore, asking for a declaration of title and a permanent injunction. The Trial Court dismissed the plaint on the grounds that it does not reveal the cause of action, granting the motion submitted by the defendants. The High Court upheld this decree.

In an appeal before the Apex Court, it was argued that by highlighting the conflicting claims made in the plaint, the courts had addressed the issue of whether the averments in the plaint were accurate.

Arguments

The cause of action is stated in the complaint. The question of whether or whether the appellants will ultimately triumph is another.

Merely the allegations made in the complaint and the supporting papers must be reviewed in order to process an application under Rule 11 of Order VII of the CPC. The defendants’ defence cannot even be considered. The Court must review the plaint to see if any causes of action have been revealed where the lack of a cause of action is stated as a reason for rejecting the plaint.

Reasoning

The court observed that the Trial Court and the High Court had addressed the issue of whether the allegations in the plaint were true by highlighting inconsistencies in those allegations.

Judgement

The appeal was accepted by the court, and the case was resumed.

Provisions used in the case

Rule 11 of Order VII of CPC

Case title – G. NAGARAJ vs B.P. MRUTHUNJAYANNA

Written By – Nikita Shankar  

Written By

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