World Day Of International JUSTICE: History, Theme and Indian Cases
International Day of Justice is celebrated every year on 17th July across the globe to mark the strong foothold of Justice against International Crime. On this date of 17th July the International Criminal Court ( ICC ) was formally established, after the adoption of the Rome Statute in 1988.
The theme of International Day of Justice, 2021 is “Social Justice in the Digital Economy”. The theme centers on the increasing crime through internet means and the need to curb the same
In the Review Conference of the Rome Statute held in Uganda’s Kampala town on June 1, 2010, the decision for Celebrating International Day for Justice was taken.
ICC is the first permanent and Independent International Judicial Institution capable of trying individuals for serious humanitarian crimes, like genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanities, etc.
The treaty for this court was signed by 139 countries and ratified by 8 states. The court does not replace the National Courts but acts as a harbinger of Justice when states fail to carry out investigations.
According to the International Court of Justice India has been involved in six cases:
• Right to passage over Indian Territory, Portugal vs. India, 1955.
• Appeal relating to the Jurisdiction of the ICAO Council, India vs. Pakistan, 1971.
• Trial of Pakistani Prisoners of War, Pakistan vs. India, 1973.
• Arial Incident of August 10, 1999, India vs. Pakistan, 1999.
• Obligation concerning Negotiations relating to cessation of the Nuclear Arms Race and to Nuclear Disarmament, Marshall Islands vs. India, 2014.
• Kulbhushan Jadhav Case, 2017.
The celebration is carried out by NGOs and other Justice strengthening organizations through newspaper, radio, events, seminars, discussions to create awareness among people about the existence and importance of Justice.